There are a lot of scientific and specialized terms surrounding CBD products; we understand it can get confusing. Our goal is to be with you every step of the way on your journey of discovering and understanding CBD.
Below we have terms organized by subject, but if you aren't in the mood to peruse: Alphabetized Glossary List.
Cannabinoid - A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. They interact with your cannabinoid receptors (see below) to cause different effects like reducing inflammation, pain, and more.
Cannabidiol (CBD) - There are over 100 cannabinoids and one of the most abundant in the cannabis plant is CBD. It has a wide range of health benefits and medical uses. It does not have any psychoactive properties so it does not cause euphoria or a “high.”
Cannabinoid Receptors - These are part of your endocannabinoid system. There are two main types which each have specific functions:
- CB1 are mostly found in the brain. They control sleep, emotion, mood, pain, coordination, and memory, just to name a few.
- CB2 receptors are located in the immune system. CB2 regulates bodily functions of pain and inflammation, as well as the function of organs like the liver and kidneys.
Cannabinoids like CBD activate your body’s receptors to help them do their work.
Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in your body— “endo” meaning “internal, within.”
Endocannabinoid System - This system is found primarily in your spine, brain, and nervous system. It regulates many important physiological functions: e.g. memory, emotions, pain, appetite, and processing the effects of cannabis.
Phytocannabinoid - The general name for the plant-based cannabinoids, used interchangeably with CBD.
Extraction - The process of creating an extract from a cannabis plant via a variety of methods.
CBD Extract - The oily substance that is derived from the cannabis plant and is used as the base ingredient to create cannabis-based products.
CBD Isolate- A cannabis product that is purely CBD which means it has been isolated from all other cannabinoids and plant materials. It’s especially beneficial for those who are sensitive to other cannabinoids.
CBD Oil - While commonly used to describe CBD products in general, this is specifically CBD extract or isolate that has been added to oil. It is most commonly consumed as a tincture.
Non-psychoactive - Products or substances that do not alter behavior, personality or mental state. In other words, something that does not get you “high.”
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - Another one of the main cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. This is the compound that’s associated with marijuana’s psychoactive effects as THC is largely what creates the “high.”
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA) - When THC is in acid form, it is non-psychoactive. THCA has beneficial anti-inflammatory properties and can protect nerve cells against damage.
Hemp - Hemp is the general term for a cannabis plant that can grow in almost any climate and is used in many different ways. By definition, hemp must contain less than 0.3 percent THC.
Hemp Oil - Oil that has been extracted from hemp seeds, it is usually in the form of hemp seed oil, but it can also be CBD oil.
Hemp Seed Oil - This specific version of hemp oil doesn’t have any cannabinoids at all, instead it contains fiber, amino acids, and Omega fatty acids.
Terpenes - A type of organic oil compound found in plants. Terpenes have a specific smell, flavor and additional health benefits.
Broad Spectrum - A spectrum refers to the cannabinoid ingredients in a CBD product. Broad spectrum means that it includes a range of different cannabinoids, but does not have any THC (i.e. it will not get you “high”).
Full Spectrum - Full spectrum refers to a type of cannabis-based product, including oils, that contains a range of different cannabinoids (including CBD) and terpenes commonly found in hemp. These CBD products will usually contain trace amounts of THC, but not enough to get you “high."
Entourage Effect - This is used to describe the positive effect in the body caused by full spectrum CBD oil products, where all of the components (cannabinoids, terpenes, etc.) work together to boost each other’s effectiveness.
Consumption of CBD
Bioavailability - This refers to how much of the substance actually enters the bloodstream which varies by method of ingestion (listed below).
Capsules - CBD pills (usually in a softgel form) that are taken orally. Capsules minimize the bitter taste and ensure consistent, precise dosages.
Oil-infused - Food or beverage products (like coffee) that have been infused with CBD oil.
Tincture - Liquid form of CBD that can be oil or alcohol-based. Tinctures are generally taken orally, and can be mixed with food or beverages.
Topical - CBD products that are applied directly on the skin and do not enter the bloodstream: e.g. balms, creams, lotions, etc.